Conrad was born on June 3, 1838 to Anthony Zulick
and Martha Cummings.He was educated by
private tutors at Minerva Hall.He was
admitted to the New Jersey Bar in June of 1860 and took active part in Stephen
Douglas’s run for the presidency later that same year.He was appointed adjutant to the 2nd
Division of Colored Volunteers during the Civil War.Later a service disability resulted in his
discharge from the army and he returned to Newark.
Back in Newark, he began his
mining company, the New Jersey and Sonora
In 1885, Conrad went to Sonora to help some
clients who had lost money in one of his mine developments.But instead, he became a hostage of the mine
employees.Under Mexican law, a manager
could be jailed until wages of the workers were paid.
While in jail, President Grover Cleveland
appointed him as the seventh Governor of Arizona.At the same time, President Cleveland
appointed W.K. Meade of Tombstone as United
States Marshall of Arizona.Marshall Meade arranged for M.T. “Doc”
Donovan, a former scout for General Crook during the Apache wars, to get him
out.Donovan entered the mining camp at
night and at , he snuck past
a sleeping guard and awakened Zulick.He put Zulick in
the bottom of a wagon and slowly left the town.
After they crossed the border, Donovan
told Zulick about his appointment.Their first stop was Tombstone.
excited.Only a few years old, mining
had already brought in millions of dollars, and now the biggest town in Arizona, it wanted to
be the Territorial Capital.They
provided a lavish dinner at the Occidental Hotel that was attended by all the
notables of the city.
The next stop was Tucson.They arranged a huge banquet at the San
Xavier Mission, which was the social event of the season.
Arizona greeted him
warmly.On October 24, from John Marion,
editor of the Arizona Miner:
will enter upon his official duties with the best wishes and moral support of
every resident of the Territory.”
Republicans.In his first editorial, he
had written: “We shall labor, with whatever reason our Maker has vouch-safed us, to cripple the Republican monster that has grown
fat upon the misfortunes of our country.”
Marion was overjoyed
in welcoming Arizona’s first
Democratic governor.However, and
unfortunately for Zulick, Marion not only disliked
Republicans but disliked Apaches, and had joined others in planning a
militia-type group of citizens to run them out of the area.
Zulick, like many
Easterners, had mixed feelings.Shortly
after his arrival, in his Proclamation of December
23, 1885, he warned the people “Not to take the law into your hands
to punish the Apaches.” as Marion and others had planned.This could make their plans illegal.Marion turned against
was charged with wrongdoings.He was
accused of selling the Vulture Mine to Eastern investors; “This wouldn’t have
been regarded as sinister had he owned the mine,” and placing mounted tax
collectors along the Mexican border and not accounting for the taxes collected.
The good things he did were largely
ignored.He corrected legislation, which
disenfranchised all Mormons, saying, “A man may be an advocate of bigamy, or
polygamy, or belong to a church that so believes, but until he puts forth his
belief in practice he had offended no law.”Since most of his opponents weren’t fond of Mormons, it did little to
improve his standing with the people of Prescott, being called
“A failure and a political trickster of the smallest caliber.”
10, 1887, he announces the end to the Indian Wars.He established an upper limit placed on the
territorial debt.He encouraged canal
building and water irrigation with such projects as the ArizonaCanal, in the Glendale area, dam
building, and the expansion of the Salt River Project.
He also advocated statehood by the
introduction of Public Act number 59, which called for a constitutional
convention.He felt that territorial
status was the same as being a colony of the United States because it had
Zulick no longer felt
he could walk the streets of Prescott.When he entered the Prescott Opera House in
January of 1889, he was greeted with hissing and foot-stomping.
26, 1889, he signed Legislative Act Number 1, which stated, “On and
after the 4th day of February, in the year of our Lord Eighteen
Hundred and Eighty-nine, the permanent seat of Government and Capital of this
Territory shall be at the City of Phoenix.”
Zulick and the
legislators didn’t wait until February to move.Three days after the bill was signed, they headed fro Phoenix, scorning the
quicker Black Canyon Stage and traveling regally in tow Pullman cars via Los Angeles, all paid for
by the Santa Fe and Southern
The Governor’s days were numbered after
Republican Benjamin Harrison defeated Cleveland in 1889.Territorial governors were appointed, not
voted into office, and Zulick was replaced
Zulick remained in Arizona for several
years and was elected Maricopa County Councilman in 1891.
In 1920, at 80, he lived on Savanna
Avenue in Asbury Park, New Jersey.He lived there with his wife Caroline, age
76, and their daughter Lillian Ramsey, age 52.